Fact Sheet: Expanding the Benefits of Freer Commercial Aviation

March 31, 2011 at 10:58 am | Posted in Aviation Law | Leave a comment

by P.J. Blount with the blog faculty

Source – The State Department:

Expanding the Benefits of Freer Commercial Aviation
Open Skies Partnerships: Expanding the Benefits of Freer Commercial Aviation

Fact Sheet
Bureau of Public Affairs
March 29, 2011

“Work to ‘democratize’ aviation continues to allow millions more Americans the opportunity to fly to international destinations each year and for countless foreign tourists to visit our country.” –Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton

The United States has pursued a policy of Open Skies civil aviation relationships with our international partners since 1992, when we concluded the first ever Open Skies air services agreement with the Netherlands.

What Are Open Skies?
Open Skies agreements between the United States and other countries expand international passenger and cargo flights by eliminating government interference in commercial airline decisions about routes, capacity and pricing. This frees carriers to provide more affordable, convenient and efficient air service to consumers, promoting increased travel and trade and spurring high-quality job opportunity and economic growth. Open Skies policy rejects the outmoded practice of highly restrictive air services agreements protecting flag carriers.

Growth in Open Skies Partnerships
In late 2010, U.S. delegations led by the U.S. Department of State’s Office of Transportation Affairs, in partnership with the Department of Transportation and the Department of Commerce, concluded negotiations for new agreements with Colombia and Brazil, bringing the number of Open Skies partners for the United States beyond 100. Over 70 percent of international departures from the United States now fly to Open Skies partners.

Advantages of Open Skies
Direct air connections bring substantial economic benefits. Open Skies agreements expand cooperative marketing arrangements, liberalize charter regulations, improve flexibility for airline operations, and include provisions committing both governments to observe high standards of safety and security. These agreements also produce countless new cultural links worldwide.

Boon to U.S. Cities
Before Open Skies began to liberalize the international aviation environment, cities like Dallas-Fort Worth, Detroit, Las Vegas, Memphis, Minneapolis, Portland, and Salt Lake City had few or no direct international air connections. Now they enjoy direct connections to cities around the world.

The Memphis-Shelby County Airport Authority in 2005 concluded that the direct service between Memphis and Amsterdam on KLM has a $120 million annual impact in Tennessee and supports 2200 local jobs.

Portland, Oregon estimates that its direct international flights to Tokyo, Amsterdam, and Frankfurt generate over $240 million in airport and visitor revenue.

A private study found that new direct service between a U.S. city and a point in the European Union generates up to $720 million annually in new economic activity for the U.S. city and its local region, depending on the size of the markets.

Agreements with Large and Small Countries
The United States has Open Skies agreements with partners at all levels of economic development. The 2007 and 2010 agreements with the European Union and its member states liberalized the largest international aviation market in the world. The U.S. Government has concluded agreements with major economies like Brazil, India, Japan, and South Korea.

Open Skies agreements also connect the United States with smaller countries. Last year, carriers decided to resume direct service between the United States and Liberia, an Open Skies partner, after a 20 year interruption.

U.S.-Israel Open Skies Agreement Enters Into Force

March 31, 2011 at 10:57 am | Posted in Aviation Law | Leave a comment

by P.J. Blount with the blog faculty

Source – State Department:

U.S.-Israel Open Skies Agreement Enters Into Force

Media Note
Office of the Spokesman
Washington, DC
March 30, 2011

The U.S. Department of State and U.S. Department of Transportation announce that on March 29, the United States and Israel completed an exchange of diplomatic notes that brought into force the U.S.-Israel Open Skies Agreement (“the Agreement”), which was signed on December 1, 2010. The Agreement, which entered into force immediately, will liberalize our bilateral aviation relationship.

The Agreement strengthens and expands our already strong trade and tourism links with Israel and will benefit American and Israeli businesses and travelers. It will expand air service and encourage vigorous price competition by airlines, while safeguarding aviation safety and security.

For more information about Open Skies, please visit: http://www.state.gov/e/eeb/tra/ata/.

PRN: 2011/499

IISL/ISIL Conference: The Role of Law in An Asian Space Age, on 6-7 June 2011 in Jakarta, Indonesia

March 31, 2011 at 9:56 am | Posted in Space Law Current Events | Leave a comment

by Sara M. Langston with the blog faculty

Source: IISL Press Release


94 bis avenue de Suffren

TEl.: (33) 1 45 67 42 60


Fax: (33) 1 42 73 21 20



Press release IISL 2011-001

The International institute of Space Law (IISL) will co-host a conference with the Indonesian Society of International Law (ISIL) on The Role of Law in an Asian Space Age: Institutions & Applications, on 6-7 June 2011 at Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH), a leading private university in Jakarta, Indonesia.

The conference follows upon the heels of the 2011 Asia-Pacific Regional Round of the Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition, which will take place from 3-5 June at the same location.

The conference will feature four sessions focusing on the following themes: (1) Rule-Based Governance in Outer Space – Currents, Constraints and Contemporary Transformations; (2) Regional Organisations in Asia; (3) Satellite Applications for the Betterment of Humanity; and (4) Commercial Space and Telecommunication Satellite Operations.

Contact Mr. Jason Bonin at jason.bonin@gmail.com for more information on the conference.

More information about IISL can be obtained by visiting the IISL website at http://www.iislweb.org/.

New York lawmakers adopt aviation resolution

March 31, 2011 at 9:47 am | Posted in Aviation Law Current Event | Leave a comment

by Sara M. Langston with the blog faculty

Source: AOPA

Aviation was front and center in the halls of state government in Albany, N.Y., on March 22, when the state Senate and Assembly adopted resolutions recognizing the thirty-fifth anniversary of the New York Aviation Management Association (NYAMA).

NYAMA’s top legislative objective is to get the New York Aviation Jobs Act enacted, which seeks a sales-tax exemption for the purchase of GA aircraft. Another goal is to restore cuts in state funding for airport infrastructure projects. [Full story]

U.S. House approves temporary FAA bill

March 31, 2011 at 9:44 am | Posted in Aviation Law Current Event | Leave a comment

by Sara M. Langston with the blog faculty

Source: The Hill

The House approved a temporary Federal Aviation Administration re-authorization bill Tuesday as a vote on a long-term bill looms later this week.

H.R. 1079, dubbed “Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2011,” was approved Tuesday on a voice vote. It continues FAA funding at current levels for 60 days, with an expiration date of May 31.

The House is set take up a longer four-year FAA bill, H.R. 658, this week. However, that measure has become embroiled in a controversy of union organizing for railway and airline employees. [Full story]

“China’s National Defense in 2010” available in full text

March 31, 2011 at 7:50 am | Posted in Aerospace Law Interfaces | Leave a comment

by Sara M. Langston with the blog faculty

Source: xinhuanet.com

BEIJING, March 31 (Xinhua) — The Information Office of China’s State Council on Thursday issued a white paper titled “China’s National Defense in 2010”. Following is the full text of the document:

China’s National Defense in 2010

Information Office of the State Council

The People’s Republic of China

March 2011, Beijing



I. The Security Situation

II. National Defense Policy

III Modernization of the People’s Liberation Army

IV. Deployment of the Armed Forces

V. National Defense Mobilization and Reserve Force Building

VI. Military Legal System

VII. Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense

VIII. Defense Expenditure

IX. Military Confidence-Building

X. Arms Control and Disarmament

Full text available here

Satellite communications to bolster emergency response

March 29, 2011 at 2:01 pm | Posted in Space Law | Leave a comment

by P.J. Blount with the blog faculty

Source – ITU:

Satellite communications to bolster emergency response
ITU, Intelsat and ITSO agree to collaborate

Geneva, 29 March 2011— ITU reached agreement with Intelsat S.A. and the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO) to strengthen emergency telecommunication resources. The collaboration aims to quicken the response to restore vital communications infrastructure in the aftermath of natural disasters.

“Recent catastrophes that have wrought havoc around the world demonstrate eloquently that there is an increasing need for effective and timely deployment of telecommunication resources to help countries in emergency and disaster relief,” said ITU Secretary-General Hamadoun Touré. “This agreement between ITU, Intelsat and ITSO will go a long way in increasing our early response capabilities and in re-establishing the communication links that are so vital in rescue and relief operations.”

Recognizing that satellite technology, with its ubiquitous coverage and rapid deployment, is ideally suited for response to communications needs in emergency situations, the agreement between ITU, Intelsat and ITSO brings together key players in the satellite industry to address the emergency communications needs of countries worldwide. Following the request from a Member State for assistance in the aftermath of a natural disaster, ITU will inform Intelsat of the request for satellite capacity and other related needs. Intelsat will then consult with ITSO and consider donating satellite capacity.

Intelsat is one of the world’s leading providers of satellite telecommunications services, with a footprint covering over 200 countries. ITSO is an intergovernmental organization with a mission to ensure that Intelsat complies with its contractual obligations following its privatization in 2001 to provide international public telecommunications services, including voice, data and video, on a global and non-discriminatory basis.

ITSO Director General José Toscano said, “When emergencies occur in remote or geographically isolated places, satellite providers like Intelsat are often the ideal solution for solving the communications needs.”

“Intelsat, with over 50 satellites in orbit around the world, is often the enabler of the first communications links re-established following a natural disaster. We will collaborate with ITU and ITSO to streamline the provisioning of connectivity and communications infrastructure that support critical humanitarian services during emergencies,” said Intelsat CEO Dave McGlade.

The agreement between ITU, Intelsat and ITSO is an outcome of the Hyderabad Plan of Action adopted by the World Telecommunication Development Conference in 2010 that called for private sector participation to help close the gap in universal access to information and communication technologies (ICT) and to support emergency communications in particular.

Communication on a European Union space strategy serving its citizens

March 29, 2011 at 1:57 pm | Posted in Space Law | Leave a comment

By P.J. Blount with the blog faculty

Source – EARSC:

Communication on a European Union space strategy serving its citizens

On Monday 4 April, the European Commission will adopt the Communication on a European Union space strategy serving its citizens. This Communication reaffirms the priorities of European policy in this area: the completion of Galileo-EGNOS and GMES and the development of a space policy confirm that the space component will be retained in the future research programme. The Communication will also set out preliminary guidelines on the development of European space governance. Mr Tajani will present the Communication during his official visit to the European Space Agency’s Earth Observation Centre, ESRIN, in Frascati.


Article 189 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) confers on the European Union a new competence, which it shares with the Member States, in the field of space. The Treaty provides for a clear mandate to draw up space policy, to establish space programmes and to coordinate the Member States’ space activities, both internal and external. To this end, the Union is to establish any appropriate relations with the European Space Agency.


Press conference by Antonio Tajani at ESRIN’s headquarters in Frascati, Italy (time tbc). EbS will be on site to cover the event.

Library: A Round-up of Reading

March 29, 2011 at 1:29 pm | Posted in Library | Leave a comment

ZLW 2011/1:

Milde, Michael, The Beijing Convention and Beijing Protocol Adopted at the International Conference on Air Law Held under the Auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization at Beijing, 30 August to 10 September 2010/ Die Verabschiedung der Peking Konvention und des Peking Protokolls durch die ICAO Konferenz zur Luftverkehrssicherheit (30. August – 10. September 2010)/ L’adoption de la Convention de Beijing et du Protocole de Beijing par la Conférence de l’OACI sur la sécurité aérienne (30 août – 10 septembre 2010), 9

Janezic, Joachim, Die Behandlung von Flugschreiberaufzeichnungen nach der VO (EU) Nr. 996/2010/ The Use of Flight Recorders According to Regulation No. 996/2010 (EU)/ L’utilisation des enregistreurs de vol selon règlement no. 996/2010 (UE), 15

Maysokolua, René / Steppler, Ulrich, Das Verfahren der ATA et al. gegen die Einbeziehung des Luftverkehrs in den EU-Emissionshandel/ The ATA et al. Procedure Challenging the Inclusion of Aviation into the EU Emissions Trading Scheme/ La procédure de l‘ATA et al. contre l‘intégration du trafic aérien dans le système européen d‘échange de droits d‘émission, 28

Honnebier, Patrick, The ‘Blue Sky’ Case about the Enforcement of Aircraft Mortgages and its Impact on the Global Financial Market/ Der “Blue Sky” Fall über die Vollstreckung von Flugzeughypotheken und seine Auswirkung auf den globalen Versicherungsmarkt/ Le cas „Blue Sky“ concernant l’enforcement des hypothèques sur aéronefs et les conséquences sur le marché global financier, 47

Bentzien, Joachim, Die gerichtlichen Entscheidungen über die Beschränkungen des Anund Abflugs zum und vom Flughafen Zürich im süddeutschen Luftraum/ Court Decisions on the Limitation of Flights to and from Zurich Airport over the South of Germany/ Décisions judiciaires sur la limitation des vols pour et de l’aéroport de Zurich sur l’Allemagne du Sud, 68

Schrogl, Kai-Uwe, Is UNCOPUOS Fit for the Future? Reflections at the Occasion of the 50th Session of its Legal Subcommittee 2011/ Ist UNCOPUOS bereit für die Zukunft? Betrachtungen anlässlich der 50. Sitzung seines Rechtsunterausschusses/ UNCOPUOS est-il prêt pour le futur? Délibérations à l´occasion de la 50ème session du sous-comité juridique, 93

Michael Listner, India’s ABM test: a validated ASAT capability or a paper tiger?, The Space Review

Information on the activities of international intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations relating to space law (U.N. Doc. A/AC.105/C.2/L.281)

Information on the activities of international intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations relating to space law (U.N. Doc. A/AC.105/C.2/L.281/Add.1)

Declaration on the Fiftieth Anniversary of Human Space Flight and the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (U.N. Doc. A/AC.105/L.283)

EU – Proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the promotion, provision and use of GALILEO and GPS satellite based navigation systems and related applications between the United States of America, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part

EU – Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the detailed rules for access to the public regulated service offered by the global navigation satellite system established under the Galileo programme – General approach

EU – 7725/11: Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the detailed rules for access to the public regulated service offered by the global navigation satellite system established under the Galileo programme – General approach

EU – 7725/11 COR 1: Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the detailed rules for access to the public regulated service offered by the global navigation satellite system established under the Galileo programme – General approach

EU – 8194/11: Negotiations for a comprehensive air transport agreement with Brazil – Information from the Commission

EU – 8187/11: Recent developments in implementing the Single European Sky – Information from the Commission

EU – 8267/11: Opinion of the European Data Protection Supervisor on the draft Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on the use of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data for law enforcement purposes

Centre for Spatial Law and Policy interviewed in Geospatial Revolution Episode Three – Spatial Law and Policy

Podcast: Can We Mitigate Location Privacy Issues with Technology? – Directions Magazine

W3B Failure: Blame ITAR? – Songs of Space & Nuclear Warfare

PRC Starts Seeking Space Coop – DoD Buzz

Harper Government to Review Aerospace Policy and Programs – SpaceRef Canada

New Update of UCS Satellite Database – All Things Nuclear

Would a human spaceflight decadal survey be useful? – Space Politics

Sudan allowing overflights for Libya no-fly zone – FP Passport

NASA OIG: Facilities and Spacecraft Vulnerable to Attack – NASA Watch

Congress to NASA: follow the authorization act – Space Politics

Airline not liable for refusing to transport customer who lacked required travel documents – NV Flyer

Russia and Israel sign space agreement

March 29, 2011 at 11:49 am | Posted in Space Law Current Events | Leave a comment

by Sara M. Langston with the blog faculty

Source: ASDNews

MOSCOW – Russia and Israel on Sunday signed an agreement on cooperation on space technology and space exploration, the Russian space agency said in a statement.

The agreement aims to develop cooperation in “joint activities linked to research and the use of space and the application of space technologies for peaceful aims,” the statement issued by Roskosmos agency said.

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